Biometric Use Cases
A U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) team receives information concerning the location of a U.S. contractor who has been held by insurgents for nearly 30 days. Prior to conducting a rescue operation, the SOF team had downloaded digital biometric files and associated biographical information on the captive from the authoritative source to confirm the individual's identity. During the rescue operation, the team detains seven individuals at the site and collects their biometric data. Using a hand-held biometric device, the team immediately matches one sample to the fingerprint of the person they were sent to recover. Biometric samples from the other individuals are transmitted, enrolled, and stored at the authoritative source. The team is able to extract the individual to a safe area, secure in the knowledge that they have rescued the right person.
Using biometrics, hostage rescue teams can more quickly and accurately be sure that they have the right person.
Maritime Interdiction Operations
After obtaining flag state consent, the MIO team boards a foreign vessel and collects biometric samples from each crew member. The data are transmitted to a DoD authoritative source and are followed up with acknowledgement of receipt. The biometric data will be compared against all stored files and shared with mission partners. In this way, crew members that have been seen before by the DoD or other U.S. government agencies can be positively identified regardless of the paper documents and identity being used by the individual. New systems in development will let the commander of the mother ship analyze the biometric data and rapidly make a decision as to whether the detainee should be released or held for further questions.
Biometrics will help negate false documentation used by known terrorists and insurgents traveling at sea.
The U.S. government responds to a request for help from a country that has experienced a catastrophic disaster. There is an immediate need to locate, rescue, and manage the local population. The host government authorizes the multinational response force to collect biometric samples from the civilian population to assist with the refugee management process. Identities are managed using biometrics to ensure proper distribution of food, medical attention and supplies, transportation, and the reunification of families separated during the disaster.
Fraudulent distribution of humanitarian aid is reduced, and families are reunited more quickly.
An Army civilian is scheduled to visit a U.S. military installation. Notification for approval for the visit has been sent to the installation's access control office roster. At the installation's main gate, the base access control system scans the visitor's official biometric-enabled identification token, collects a biometric sample, and verifies the visitor's credentials and authorization based on a positive match with the appropriate access roster. The access control office grants installation access privileges based on the visitor's identification data, DoD affiliation, and the current threat level. Upon completion of in-processing, the visitor is granted access to specific parking lots and buildings on the installation. The identity validation process is repeated in a layered security procedure using the individual's specific biometric-enabled identification token processed by network security access control devices. The visitor' identity and access authorization is confirmed at each access location. This system can be used for physical and network access control throughout the installation.
Biometrics can help ensure that only authorized personnel have access to installations, buildings, and networks.
Access to services for non-U.S. personnel
When operating in a foreign country, the U.S. often contracts with local nationals to provide labor and services. As a condition of employment, the laborer must provide individual identity information and biometric samples for screening and background check purposes. Biometric samples are taken and matched against both host nation and U.S. authoritative sources. Both positive and negative matches result in the update and enrollment of individual biometric files, respectively. Additionally, once stored, these biometric files are shared with the host nation and U.S. non-DoD parties for subsequent analysis and fusion of applicable biometric and associated information (e.g., criminal records). Based on this exhaustive research, the U.S. military decides whether to offer employment and issue a biometric-enabled identity card to the job applicant. Biometric matching of all laborers is conducted on payday to confirm identity prior to payment.
Biometrics can help prevent unauthorized personnel from gaining access to services resulting in fraudulent payments.